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Emperor Shizong of Jin - Emperor of the Jin Dynasty

Emperor Shizong of Jin – Emperor of the Jin Dynasty

Emperor Shizong (1123–1189) of the Jin Dynasty (金世宗) was Emperor of Jin from 1161 to 1189. His Jurchen name was Wanyan Wulu (完颜乌禄, Chinese name, Wanyan Yong (完颜雍) and Wanyan Bao (完颜褒). The era name was Dading (大定).

Emperor Zhangzong of Jin - Emperor of the Jin Dynasty

Emperor Zhangzong of Jin – Emperor of the Jin Dynasty

Emperor Zhangzong (1168–1208) was emperor of the Jin Dynasty, the Jurchen dynasty which ruled northern China from 1190 to 1208. His personal name was Wanyan Madage (完颜麻达葛) (in Jurchen), or Wanyan Jin (完颜璟) (in Chinese). Zhangzong was the sixth in the line of Jin rulers. He inherited the throne from his grandfather Emperor Shizong of Jin and was succeeded by Emperor Weishaowang of Jin. To some extent, Zhangzong continued Shizong’s policy of encouraging intensive use of J......

Emperor Weishaowang of Jin - Emperor of the Jin Dynasty

Emperor Weishaowang of Jin – Emperor of the Jin Dynasty

Emperor Weishaowang of Jin (r. 1209-1213) was the emperor of the Jin Dynasty whom ruled most of northern China in the 12th and 13th centuries. His name at birth was Wányán Yǒngjì (完颜永济) Weishaowang was the seventh of ten emperors of the Jin Dynasty. During his rule, the Mongols began heavy attacks on the Jin or Jinn dynasty. Weishaowang was betrayed and killed by a marshal in the capital of Beijing; he was third and last of ten Jinn emperors to be assassinated.

Emperor Xuanzong of Jin - Emperor of the Jin Dynasty

Emperor Xuanzong of Jin – Emperor of the Jin Dynasty

Emperor Xuanzong of Jin (金宣宗; r. 1213-1223) was emperor of the Jin Dynasty which ruled most of northern China in the 12th and 13th centuries. His name at birth was Wányán Xún (完颜珣) Xuanzong was the eighth of ten emperors of the Jin Dynasty.

Emperor Modi of Jin - The Last Emperor of the Jin Dynasty

Emperor Modi of Jin – The Last Emperor of the Jin Dynasty

Emperor Modi of Jin (r. February 9, 1234) was the last emperor of the Jin Dynasty. Ruling for less than one day on February 9, 1234 before being killed by the Mongolians, he is the shortest-reigning monarch in Chinese history.

Wives of Chinese Ancestry Contribute to Chinese History

Wives of Chinese Ancestry Contribute to Chinese History

Lei Zu: Mother of Spinning and Weaving The Yellow Emperor or Huang Di is thought to be the ancestor of the Chinese people. Lei Zu was a legendary Chinese empress—wife of the Yellow Emperor. According to tradition, she discovered silk and invented the silk loom in the 28th century BC. Lei helped the Yellow Emperor to unify central China. They had together laid foundation for the civilization later flourishing in the area. Lei was the first female inventor, scientist and politician in ......

The Inmitable Wang Zhaojun

The Inmitable Wang Zhaojun

For 2,000 years the marriage of Wang Zhaojun has been a popular motif for composers, writers, poets and painters. What kind of a woman would volunteer to be married off to a powerful neighbor in order to secure a temporary peace? Such a figure needs to be assessed against the background of her times. Was she merely a miserable pawn or a person of remarkable integrity? Does she deserve praise or merely sympathy? Wang Zhaojun, who came from a humble family, was selected for the harem of......

Women Poets in Past Centuries - Raising One's Voice in a Male World

Women Poets in Past Centuries – Raising One’s Voice in a Male World

Women writers have long been neglected by scholars studying Chinese poetry from past dynasties. This was quite an unfair treatment, as the fair sex, throughout the centuries, made a huge contribution to Chinese literature, especially in the poetic field. Imperial concubines, courtesans, revolutionaries, hermits, painters, grandmothers, widows and young lovers – they all found their own way of writing, developing new forms of – expression–and sometimes indictment — i......